Women in American Religious History

This guide describes information about the women in religious history tradition available from Andover-Harvard Theological Library and online through the Harvard Library. It is written for Harvard Library users and non-Harvard users interested in the types of information we can provide.

The sources mentioned here are only some of those available. For more information, contact a research librarian by email, by telephone, at 617.496.AHTL (2485), or in person.

Use the "Printer-friendly version" at the bottom of this page to print all pages of this guide.

This guide was originally prepared for HDS 2325, "The Religious History of American Women," September 1999, by Clifford Wunderlich. It was last revised March 11, 2005.

American History

Selected Reference Sources

American National Biography. John Arthur Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, editors. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 24 v.; 26 cm. ["Published under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies."]. The online Harvard E-Resource gives additional access to articles through keyword searching. [Ref. CT213.A68 1999]

America: History and Life [computer file]. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, [Coverage since 1964 of over 2,000 journals - almost 400,000 records; covers both U.S. and Canadian history.] HarvardLibrary E-Resource.

The Oxford Companion to United States History. Paul S. Boyer, editor in chief. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. xliii, 940 p.: maps; 26 cm. [Encyclopedia/dictionary with signed articles and bibliography.] [Ref. E174.O94 2001]

Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action from Act-up to Women's Suffrage. Roger S. Powers, William B. Vogele, Christopher Kruegler, and Ronald M. McCarthy, editors. New York: Garland Pub., 1997. xxv, 610 p.: ill.; 26 cm. (Garland reference library of the humanities; vol. 1625) [Includes bibliography with the articles.] [Ref. HM278.P76 1997]

JStor: Journal Storage [Searchable text and digitized images of all issues (except the last five years) of a number of journals, including American Historical Review, Journal of American History (and its previous title: Mississippi Valley Historical Review), American Quarterly, Eighteenth-Century Studies, Journal of Modern History, Journal of Negro History, Journal of Southern History, Reviews in American History, and William and Mary Quarterly.] Harvard E-Resource.

Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Paul Finkelman, editor in chief. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, c2001. 3 v.: ill., maps; 29 cm. [Index in v.3.] [Ref. E169.1.E626 2001]

The African American Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. R. Kent Rasmussen, managing editor. New York: Marshall Cavendish, c2001. 10 v.: ill.; 26 cm. [Vol. 10 has lists of research centers and people by profession as well as a bibliography and an index.] [Ref. E185.A253 2001]

Encyclopedia of Contemporary American Culture. Edited by Gary W. McDonogh, Robert Gregg, and Cindy H. Wong. London; New York: Routledge, 2001. xxxiv, 839 p.; 26 cm. [Ref. E169.12 .E49 2001]

Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations. Edited by Nina Mjagkij. New York: Garland Pub., 2001. [Signed articles, bibliographies, and index.] xxix, 768 p.: ill.; 29 cm. [Ref. E185.5.O74 2001]

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Edited by Jack Salzman, David Lionel Smith, Cornel West. New York: Macmillan Library Reference USA; Simon and Schuster Macmillan, c1996. 5 v. (xciii, 3203 p.) : ill. 23 cm. [Signed articles, bibliographies, and index. Also 2001 supplement.] [Ref. E185.E54 1996]


American Religious History -- General

Selected Reference Sources

Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience: Studies of Traditions and Movements. Charles H. Lippy, Peter W. Williams, editors. New York: Scribner, 1988. 3 v.; 29 cm. [In-depth articles on broad topics; use the index in v. 3 to locate more specific topics.] [Ref. BL2525.E53 1988]

Melton, J. Gordon. Encyclopedia of American Religions. 6th ed. Detroit: Gale Research, c1999. xxiv, 1243 p.; 29 cm. [Quick overviews of traditions, basic information on current denominations, sects, groups, etc.] [Ref. BL2525.M449 1996]

Religion and Society in North America: An Annotated Bibliography. Robert deV. Brunkow, editor. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio Information Services, c1983. xi, 515 p.; 29 cm. (Clio bibliography series; no. 12) [Ref. Z7831.R44 1983]

Queen, Edward L., Stephen R. Prothero, Gardiner H. Shattuck The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts On File, c1996. 2 v. (x, 800 p.): ill.; 24 cm. [v. 1. A-L -- v. 2. M-Z. Brief articles with some bibliography and pictures.] [Ref. BL2525.Q44 1996]

Young, Arthur P., E. Jens Holley, Annette Blum. Religion and the American Experience, 1620-1900: A Bibliography of Doctoral Dissertations. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1992. x, 479 p.; 25 cm. (Bibliographies and indexes in religious studies ; no. 24) [Based on Dissertations & Theses] [Ref. BL2525.Z99 Y68 1992]

Young, Arthur P. E., Jens Holley; Phyllis C. Watts. Religion and the American Experience, the Twentieth Century: A Bibliography of Doctoral Dissertations. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994. xi, 415 p.; 24 cm. (Bibliographies and indexes in religious studies; no. 31) [Based on Dissertations & Theses] [Ref. BL2525.Z99 Y682 1994]

Bowden, Henry Warner. Dictionary of American Religious Biography. 2nd ed., rev. and enl. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993. ix, 686 p.; 24 cm. [Ref. BL72.B68 1993]

Melton, J. Gordon. Religious Leaders of America: A Biographical Guide to Founders and Leaders of Religious Bodies, Churches, and Spiritual Groups in North America. [1st ed.] Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research, c1991. xxi, 604 p.; 29 cm. [Ref. BL72.M458 1991]

Halvorson, Peter L., and William M. Newman. Atlas of Religious Change in America, 1952-1990. Atlanta, Ga.: Glenmary Research Center, c1994. x, 226 p.: tables, col. maps; 28 cm. [Ref. G1201.E4 H3 1994]

Newman, William M., and Peter L. Halvorson. Atlas of American Religion: The Denominational Era, 1776-1990. Walnut Creek : AltaMira Press, c2000. 176 p.: maps; 30 cm. [Ref. BR515.N49 2000]

American Religious History -- Special Topics

Selected Reference Sources

Encyclopedia of African American Religions. Larry Murphy, J. Gordon Melton, Gary L Ward, editors. New York: Garland Pub., 1993. lxxvi, 926 p.; 29 cm. (Religious information systems; vol. 9) (Garland reference library of social science; vol. 721) [Ref. BR563.N4 E53 1993]

The Encyclopedia of African and African-American Religions. Stephen D. Glazier, editor. New York: Routledge, 2001. xx, 452 p.: ill., maps; 29 cm. (Routledge encyclopedias of religion and society) [Signed articles with bibliographies; some of the articles are long, so using the index is important for locating specific references.] [Ref. BL2462.5.E53 2001]

Jones, Charles Edwin, 1932-. Black Holiness: A Guide to the Study of Black Participation in Wesleyan Perfectionist and Glossolalia Pentecostal Movements. Metuchen, N.J.: American Theological Library Association: Scarecrow Press, 1987. xxxi, 388 p.; 22 cm. (ATLA bibliography series; no. 18) [Jones has also done a general bibliography on Holiness as well as one on Pentecostalism] [Ref. Z1361.N39 J66 1987]

African-American Religion: Research Problems and Resources for the 1990s: Proceedings of the Symposium: May 26, 1990, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. New York, N.Y.: The Center, c1992. vii, 159 p.; 23 cm. [Proceedings of the symposium "Preservation of the Black Religious Heritage Project."] [Ref. BR563.N4 A34 1990]

Discovering Latino Religion: A Comprehensive Social Science Bibliography. Antonio M. Stevens Arroyo, editor. New York, N.Y.: Bildner Center for Western Hemisphere Studies, c1995. 142 p.; 24 cm. (Bildner Center series on religion; v. 4) (PARAL series; v. 4) [Ref. BR563.H57 D57 1995]

Hispanic Christianity Within Mainline Protestant Traditions: A Bibliography. Paul Barton and David Maldonado, editors. Decatur, Ga.: Asociacion para la Educacion Teologica Hispana, 1998. iii, 318 p.; 24 cm. [Ref. BR563.H57 H57 1998]

Hirschfelder, Arlene B., and Paulette Fairbanks Molin. The Encyclopedia of Native American Religions: An Introduction. New York: Facts on File, c1992. xii, 367 p.: ill.; 29 cm. [Tozzer: REF E98.R3 H5 1992]

Melton, J. Gordon. Encyclopedic Handbook of Cults in America. Rev. and updated ed. New York: Garland Pub., 1992. xv, 407 p.; 22 cm. (Religious information systems series; vol. 7) (Garland reference library of social science; vol. 797) [Ref. BL2525.M45 1992]

Lewis, James R. The Encyclopedia of Cults, Sects, and New Religions. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1998. 595 p.: ill., ports.; 25 cm. [Bibliography is at the end, not with individual articles.] [Ref. BL2525.L49 1998]

Choquette, Diane. New Religious Movements in the United States and Canada: A Critical Assessment and Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, c1985. i, 235 p.; 25 cm. (Bibliographies and indexes in religious studies; no. 5) [Ref. Z7834.U6 C46 1985]

Nadell, Pamela Susan. Conservative Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press, c1988. xvi, 409 p.; 25 cm. (Jewish denominations in America) [Ref. BM750.N33 1988]

Sherman, Moshe D. Orthodox Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996. x, 291 p.; 24 cm. (Jewish denominations in America) [Ref. BM750.S395 1996]

Reform Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Kerry M. Olitzky, Lance J. Sussman, and Malcolm H. Stern, editors. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993. xxxi, 347 p.; 25 cm. (Jewish denominations in America) [Ref. BM750.R39 1993]

Islam in North America: A Sourcebook. Michael A. Koszegi, J. Gordon Melton, editors. New York: Garland Pub., 1992. xxii, 414 p.; 23 cm. (Religious information systems series; vol. 8) (Garland reference library of social science; v. 852) [Ref. BP67.A1 I82 1992]

Schultz, Jeffrey D., John G. West, and Iain S. MacLean. Encyclopedia of Religion in American Politics. Phoenix, Ariz.: Oryx Press, 1999. (The American political landscape series) [Ref. BL2525.E52 1999]

Encyclopedia of Religion and Society. William H. Swatos, Jr., editor; Peter Kivisto, associate editor; Barbara J. Denison, James McClenon, assistant editors. Walnut Creek, Calif.: AltaMira Press, c1998. xiv, 590 p.: ill.; 28 cm. [Emphasis on U.S. and Canada; topical (e.g., "life satisfaction") and biographical (e.g., "Wood, Frances") with bibliographies.] [Ref. BL60.E53 1998]

Utter, Glenn H., John W. Storey. The Religious Right: A Reference Handbook. 2nd ed. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, c2001. xii, 382 p.: ill.; 24 cm. (Contemporary world issues) [Directory, bibliography, etc.] [Ref. BR526.U88 2001]

Encyclopedia of Religion in the South. Samuel S. Hill, editor. Macon, Ga.: Mercer, c1984. vii, 878 p.; 27 cm. [Ref. BR535.E52 1984]

Contemporary American Religion. Wade Clark Roof, editor in chief. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, c2000. 2 v. (xxvii, 861 p.): ill.; 28 cm. [Signed articles, bibliographies, and index.] [Ref. BL2525.C65 2000]

Twentieth-century Shapers of American Popular Religion. Charles H. Lippy, editor. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989. xxv, 494 p.; 24 cm. [Ref. BL2525.T84 1989]

Lippy, Charles H. Modern American Popular Religion: A Critical Assessment and Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996. xiv, 250 p.; 25 cm. (Bibliographies and indexes in religious studies; no. 37) [Ref. BL2525.L566 1996]

Encyclopedia of Religious Controversies in the United States. George H. Shriver and Bill Leonard, editors. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997. xii, 542 p.; 24 cm. [Ref. BR515.E53 1997]

American Women's History

Selected Reference Sources

Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971. 3 v.; 27 cm. ["Prepared under the auspices of Radcliffe College."] [Ref. CT3260.N57]

Notable American Women: The Modern Period: A Biographical Dictionary. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1980. xxii, 773 p.; 26 cm. [Prepared under the auspices of Radcliffe College. Called v. 4 in continuation of: Notable American Women, 1607-1950.] [Ref. CT3260.N573]

Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary Completing the Twentieth Century. Susan Ware, editor; Stacy Braukman, assistant editor. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2004. xxx, 729 p.; 26 cm. [Schlesinger: Ref. 920.72 N899n; Andover-Harv. Theol Ref. CT3260 .N5725 2004 ; Gutman Education: Ref. CT3260 .N574 2004; Widener: RR 1711.34.10]

[The definitive biographical resource on American women. See the "Classified List of Selected Biographies" - a list by roles and occupations - in v. 3 and v. 4.]

Harrison, Cynthia Ellen, and Anne Firor Scott. Women in American History: A Bibliography. Santa Barbara, Calif.: American Bibliographical Center--Clio Press, c1979-c1985. 2 v.; 29 cm. (Clio bibliography series; no. 5, 20) [v. 1 is chronological; v. 2 is topical - "Women and religion" begins on p. 79. Great index!] [Lamont: REF.ROOM HQ1410.Z99 H37x; Schlesinger: Ref. 016.973 H31w; Widener: WID-LC HQ1410.Z99 H37 x]

Hardy, Lyda Mary. Women in U.S. History: A Resource Guide. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2000. xvi, 344 p.; 25 cm. [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.973 H269w; Widener: WID-LC HQ1410 .H362 2000x]

Adamson, Lynda G. Notable Women in American History: A Guide to Recommended Biographies and Autobiographies. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999. xiv, 450 p.; 25 cm. [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.92 A221na; Widener: WID-LC CT3260.Z99 A316 1999x]

Tingley, Elizabeth, and Donald Fred Tingley. Women and Feminism in American History: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research Co., c1981. xi, 289 p.; 22 cm. (American Government and history information guide series; v. 12) (Gale information guide library) [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.3054 T58w; Widener: WID-LC HQ1410.Z99 T56 x, 1981]

Conway, Jill K., Linda Kealey, Janet E Schulte. The Female Experience in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-century America: A Guide to the History of American Women. New York: Garland Pub., 1982. xxiv, 290 p.; 23 cm. (Garland reference library of social science; v. 35) [Ref. Z7961.C64 1982]

Haber, Barbara. Women in America: A Guide to Books, 1963-1975: With an Appendix on Books Published 1976-1979. Illini book ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981. xv, 262 p.; 23 cm. (Illini books) [An updated ed. of the author's 1978 work published by G. K. Hall, Boston. Both the main work and the appendix have a section called "Religion."] [Ref. Z7964.U49 H3 1981]

Opdycke, Sandra. The Routledge Historical Atlas of Women in America. New York : Routledge, 2000. 144 p.: col. ill., col. maps ; 26 cm. (Routledge atlases of American history) [Ref. HQ1410.P68 2000]

Herman, Kali. Women in Particular: An Index to American Women. Phoenix, Ariz.: Oryx Press, 1984. xviii, 740 p.: ill.; 29 cm. [A directory of dead and living women. See esp. the field and career index ("Religious and church work," pp. 402ff; and the Religious affiliation index, pp. 509ff.] [Ref. HQ1412.H47 1984]

Terris, Virginia R. Woman in America: A Guide to Information Sources. Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research Co., c1980. xviii, 520 p.; 23 cm. (American studies information guide series; v. 7) (Gale information guide library) [Ref. Z7964.U49 T45]

Black Women in America : An Historical Encyclopedia. Darlene Clark Hine, editor. Brooklyn, N.Y. : Carlson Pub., 1993. 2 v. (xxvi, 1530 p.): ill.; 29 cm. [Signed articles, bibliographies, and index.] [Ref. E185.86.B542 1993

African American Women: An Annotated Bibliography. Compiled by Veronica G. Thomas, Kisha Braithwaite, and Paula Mitchell. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001. 219 p.; 25 cm. [Not a comprehensive bibliography, but most of the annotations are quite useful.] [Ref. E185.86.T426 2001]

Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. Edited by Paula E. Hyman and Deborah Dash Moore; sponsored by the American Jewish Historical Society. New York: Routledge, 1997. 2 v.: ill.; 29 cm. [Ref. DS115.2 .J49 1998]



Women in American Religious History

Selected Reference Sources

Bass, Dorothy C. and Sandra Hughes Boyd. Women in American Religious History: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide to Sources. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, c1986. xiv, 155 p.; 25 cm. (G.K. Hall women's studies publications). [Ref. Z7963.R45 B37 1986]

Benowitz, June Melby. Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1998. xi, 466 p.: ill.; 27 cm. [Ref. BL2525.B45 1998]

Walsh, Mary-Paula. Feminism and Christian Tradition: An Annotated Bibliography and Critical Introduction to the Literature. (Bibliographies and indexes in religious studies, no. 51) Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999. xiii, 456 p.; 25 cm. [Covers literature from 1968 to 1995, including historical studies; author, subject, and title indexes. Esp. useful are Section I, Chap. 4, "Women in American Religion," and Section V, "The Religious Leadership of Women" (American women).] [Ref. BT83.55.W34 1999]

Hitchings, Catherine F. Universalist and Unitarian Women Ministers. 2nd ed. Boston: Unitarian Universalist Historical Society, c1985. 179 p.; 23 cm. [Ref. BX9967.H57 1985]

Women and Religion

Selected Reference Sources

Fischer, Clare Benedicks. Breaking Through: A Bibliography of Women and Religion. Berkeley, Calif.: Graduate Theological Union Library, 1980. x, 65 p.; 24 cm. [Arranged topically.] [Ref. Z7963.R45 F57]

Ruud, Inger Marie. Women and Judaism: A Select Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1988. xxiv, 232 p.; 23 cm. (Garland reference library of social science; vol. 316) [Ref. Z7963.J4 R88 1988]

Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion. Serinity Young, editor. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, c1999. 2 v. (xxxi, 1152 p.): ill.; 28 cm. [v. 1. A-K. -- v. 2. L-Y.] [Ref. BL458.E53 1999]

Finson, Shelley Davis. Women and Religion: A Bibliographic Guide to Christian Feminist Liberation Theology. Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, c1991. xix, 207 p.; 25 cm. [Ref. Z7963.R45 F56 1991]

Women Philosophers

Selected Reference Sources

Barth, E. M. Women Philosophers: A Bibliography of Books Through 1990. Bowling Green, Ohio: Philosophy Documentation Center, c1992. 213, [22] p.; 23 cm. [Ref. B105.W6 B37 1992]

The Collaborative Bibliography of Women in Philosophy. No´┐Żl Hutchings and William D. Rumsey, editors. Bowling Green, Ohio: Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green State University, c1997. xi, 375 p.; 29 cm. [Ref. B105.W6 C65 1997]

Kersey, Ethel M. Women Philosophers: A Bio-critical Source Book. New York: Greenwood Press, c1989. xi, 230 p.; 25 cm. [Ref. B105.W6 K47 1989]

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. General editor, Edward Craig. London; New York: Routledge, 1998. 10 v.; 26 cm. [Ref. B51.R68 1998]

Women's Studies

Selected Reference Sources

Women's Studies Index. 1989-. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall & Co., c1991- v.; 24 cm. [Annual.] [Ref. HQ1101.W775]

Women Studies Abstracts. Vol. 1, no. 1 (winter '72)-. Rush, N.Y.: Women Studies Abstracts, c1972- v.; 22 cm. Quarterly. [See also Women's Studies International (below)] [Ref. HQ1101.W58]

Women's Studies International covers the core disciplines in women's studies to the latest scholarship in feminist research. Women's Studies International supports curriculum development in the areas of sociology, history, political science and economy, public policy, international relations, arts and humanities, business and education. Nearly 800 essential sources include: journals, newspapers, newsletters, bulletins, books, book chapters, proceedings, reports, theses, dissertations, NGO studies, important websites and web documents, and grey literature. Over 2,000 periodical sources are represented and include ISSNs. Baltimore, Md.: National Information Services Corp., c1991-. [Includes Women's Studies Abstracts, Women's Studies Database (1972-present), Women's Studies Bibliography Database, New Books on Women and Feminism (1987-present), Women of Color and Southern Women (1975-1995), The History of Women and Science, Health, and Technology: A Bibliographic Guide to the Professions and Disciplines (1970-1995), Women's Health and Development: An Annotated Bibliography (1995), Women, Race, and Ethnicity: A Bibliography (1970-1990), WAVE: Women's Audiovisuals in English: A Guide to Nonprint Resources in Women's Studies (1985-1990). Harvard Library E-Resource.

GenderWatch. Provides abstracts and the full text from approximately 140 English-language scholarly journals, magazines, newsletters, regional publications, reports, and conference proceedings. Coverage begins with 1974 publications. Harvard Library E-Resource.

Searing, Susan E. Introduction to Library Research in Women's Studies. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985. xiii, 257 p.; 23 cm. (Westview guides to library research) [Lamont: HQ1206.Z99 S42 x, 1985; Schlesinger: Ref. 016.3054 S43i; Widener: RR 4761. 16.3]

Warren, Mary Anne. The Nature of Woman: An Encyclopedia and Guide to the Literature. Inverness, Calif.: Edgepress, c1980. xvii, 708 p. ; 23 cm. [Some topical articles, but most are about various thinkers' views of women.] [Ref. HQ1115.W37]

Reader's Guide to Women's Studies. Eleanor B. Amico, editor. Chicago; London: Fitzroy Dearborn, c1998. xxx, 732; 29 cm. [Topical and biographical articles in encyclopedia/dictionary format, which include bibliography. Index is quite helpful.] [Ref. HQ1180.R43 1998]

Carter, Sarah, and Maureen Ritchie. Women's Studies: A Guide to Information Sources. London: Mansell; Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1990. 278 p.; 23 cm. [Lamont: HQ1206.Z99 C37 1990x; Schlesinger: Ref. 016.3054 C325w; Widener: RR 4761.20.3]

Women's Studies Encyclopedia. Helen Tierney, editor. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989-. 3 v.; 24 cm. [Esp. v. 2 (Literature, arts, and learning) and v. 3. (History, philosophy, and religion).] [Law School: HQ 1115.W645 1989 Library has: v. 3; Schlesinger: Ref. 305.4 T564w; Widener: RR 4761. 54]

Boles, Janet K., Diane Long Hoeveler, and Rebecca Bardwell. Historical Dictionary of Feminism. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, c1996. xv, 429 p.; 24 cm. (Historical dictionaries of religions, philosophies, and movements; no. 6) [A classified bibliography is at the end of this work and not integrated with the articles.] [Ref. HQ1115.B65 1996]

The Routledge Critical Dictionary of Feminism and Postfeminism. Edited by Sarah Gamble. New York: Routledge, 2000. xii, 370 p.; 23 cm. (The Routledge critical dictionary series) [Long topical articles followed by brief dictionary/encyclopedia entries. Using the index is critical to making the best use of this work.] [Ref. HQ1115.R68 2000]

Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories. Edited by Lorraine Code. London ; New York: Routledge, 2000. xxvi, 530 p.; 25 cm. [Ref. HQ1190.E63 2000]

Women's Thesaurus: An Index of Language Used to Describe and Locate Information by and about Women. Mary Ellen S. Capek, editor. 1st ed. New York: Harper & Row, c1987. xxxv, 1052 p.; 24 cm. ["A project of the National Council for Research on Women and the Business and Professional Women's Foundation."] [Schlesinger: Ref. 025.4 C23w; Widener: WID-LC Z695.1.W65 W65 1987]

Dickstein, Ruth, Victoria A. Mills, and Ellen J. Waite. Women in LC's Terms: A Thesaurus of Library of Congress Subject Headings Relating to Women. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1988. xiii, 221 p.; 24 cm. [Schlesinger: Ref. 025.49 D554w; Widener: RR 4761.20.2]

The New Beacon Book of Quotations by Women. Compiled by Rosalie Maggio. Boston: Beacon Press, c1996. xv, 844 p.; 24 cm. [Ref.  PN6081.5 .N48 1996]

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Cheris Kramarae and Dale Spender, general editors. New York: Routledge, 2000. 4 v. ; 29 cm. [Ref. HQ1115.R69 2000]

See also Women's Studies Database [From the University of Maryland] and the "Gender Studies" subject classification (click on subject tab; then scroll down list to "Gender Studies") on the E-Research @ Harvard Libraries website.

Other Selected Reference Sources

ATLA Religion Database [computer file]. Evanston, Ill.: American Theological Library Association, 1993-. Harvard Library E-Resource.

Lgbt, Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History in America. Marc Stein, editor in chief. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons: Thomson Gale, 2004. 3 v.: ill., ports.; 29 cm. [Encyclopedia/dictionary with signed articles, bibliographies, and index.] [Ref. HQ76.3.U5 E53 2004]

Reader's Guide to Lesbian and Gay Studies. Timothy F. Murphy, editor. Chicago; London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000. xxviii, 720 p.; 28 cm. [Encyclopedia/dictionary with signed articles, bibliographies, and index.] [Ref. HQ75.15.R43 2000]

Dissertations and Theses Full Text (Dissertation Abstracts/Digital Dissertations). Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms. [Includes: Dissertation abstracts international, American doctoral dissertations, Comprehensive dissertation index, and Masters abstracts international. Big tip: don't try to search by "subject"; use "keyword" instead.] Harvard Library E-Resource.

Left Index Online. Coverage since 1982. Topics covered include politics, economics, the labor movement, ecology and environment, women's studies, race and ethnicity, social and cultural theory, sociology, art and aesthetics, philosophy, history, education, law, and globalization. Harvard Library E-Resource.

Finding Printed Sources


Autobiography, diaries, etc.


Kaplan, Louis, James Tyler Cook, Clinton E. Colby, and Daniel Carl Haskell. A Bibliography of American Autobiographies. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1961. xii, 372 p.; 25 cm. [Baker Business: Z1224.K3; Schlesinger: Ref. 016.92 K17b; Widener: RR 1712.6]

American Autobiography, 1945-1980: A Bibliography. Barbara Tobias, Mary Louise Briscoe, Lynn Z. Bloom, editors. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1982. xiv, 365 p.; 29 cm. [Continues Kaplan (above).] [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.92 B85a; Widener: RR 1712.6.4]

Arksey, Laura, Nancy Pries, and Marcia Reed. American Diaries: An Annotated Bibliography of Published American Diaries and Journals. 1st ed. Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research, c1983-c1987. 2 v.; 29 cm. [v. 1=Diaries written from 1492 to 1844; v. 2=Diaries written from 1845 to 1980. Expansion and revision of a work by William Matthews: American Diaries: An Annotated Bibliography of American Diaries Written Prior to the Year 1861. Includes extracts published in magazines as well as books.]

Goodfriend, Joyce D.The Published Diaries and Letters of American Women: An Annotated Bibliography. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, c1987. xiv, 230 p.; 24 cm. (G.K. Hall women's studies publications) [In chronological order with a name index. Most of the diaries are also found in Arksey (above), but this includes letters.]

First Person Female American: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography of the Autobiographies of American Women Living after 1950. Ernest L. Rhodes, Carolyn H. Rhodes, Mary Louise Briscoe, editors. Troy, N.Y.: Whitston Pub. Co., 1980. xlix, 404 p.; 24 cm. (American notes & queries supplement; v. 2) [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.92 R47f; Widener: WID-LC HQ1412.Z99 F57 x]

Davis, Gwenn, and Beverly A. Joyce. Personal Writings by Women to 1900: A Bibliography of American and British Writers. London; New York: Mansell, 1989. xx, 294 p.; 26 cm. (Bibliographies of writings by American and British women to 1900; v. 1) [Widener: RR 1712.10]



Davis, Gwenn, and Beverly A. Joyce. Personal Writings by Women to 1900: A Bibliography of American and British Writers. 1st University of Oklahoma Press ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. xx, 294 p.; 25 cm. ["First published in Great Britain by Mansell Publishing Limited ... London."] [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.82 D261p]

Addis, Patricia K. Through a Woman's I: An Annotated Bibliography of American Women's Autobiographical Writings, 1946-1976. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1983. xiv, 607 p.; 23 cm. [Ref. Z7963.B6 A32 1983]

Cline, Cheryl. Women's Diaries, Journals, and Letters: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Pub., 1989. xxxviii, 716 p.; 23 cm. (Garland reference library of the humanities; vol. 780) [The annotations are often very brief and the topical index is not easy to use; use the name index to find materials.] [Schlesinger: Ref. 016.92 C641w; Widener: WID-LC CT3230.Z99 C55x 1989]



North American Women's Letters and Diaries: Colonial to 1950. [The current release 1 includes documents to 1920. When completed (summer 2002), the NAWLD will include the writings of some 1,500 women represented in approximately 150,000 pages of published letters and diaries, and some 4,000 pages of previously unpublished materials.] Harvard Library E-Resource.


To find locations of printed material (as well as the existence of):

  1. Search in HOLLIS; if not found, then,
  2. Log in and search in Borrow Diredt; if not found, then,
  3. Search in WorldCat (includes BTI libraries) [Please note restrictions on use]
  4. Ask about interlibrary loan.

Early American Imprints, Series I: 1639-1800 [This resource is based on the microform collection of books, pamphlets, and broadsides issued in America from 1639 to 1800, recorded in Charles Evans's American Bibliography and Roger P. Bristol's Supplement to Charles Evans' American Bibliography, which includes material on virtually every aspect of life in 17th- and 18th-century America. If a printed work was published in the United States (or deals with the U.S. and was printed in another country, this is the place to look for it.] Harvard E-Resource.

Early American Imprints, Series II: 1801-1819 [This resource provides full-text access to the 36,000 American books, pamphlets and broadsides published in the first 19 years of the nineteenth century.] Harvard E-Resource.

Google Book Search [This version of Google Book Search allows users to search the full text of all books available in Google Book Search (whether contributed by Harvard, another library, or the publisher), with a Find at Harvard University link displayed on every item in a search result set.]

Making of America [A digital text project funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. This site is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection contains approximately 1,600 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th-century imprints.]

Finding Archival Sources

At Harvard

  1. Search HOLLIS Classic
    • by author [papers of an individual or family, or the records of an organization]
    • by subject [writings by or about an individual, or topical subjects]
    • or by keyword  [You can use the "expanded search" to limit your searches to manuscript records (see "format" choices).  You can also "modify" search results to include only manuscript format.]

    Be sure to read the entire "Biography" (or "History") and "Scope and Content" note; these sections contain valuable information about the contents of the collection.

    Write down the call number information (manuscripts at Andover-Harvard begin with the call number "bMS")

  2. Look for the finding aid (a.k.a., folder list, register, inventory, guide)

    There are over 1,000 finding aids from manuscript repositories at Harvard available online at OASIS (Online Archival Search Information System). But this is just a small percentage of what is available at Harvard.

    Many Andover-Harvard registers are available on our website.

    Finding aids for pre-1986 collections at Houghton Library are found in: Inventories of Manuscripts in the Houghton Library, Harvard University. Alexandria, Va., U.S.A.: Chadwyck-Healey, [1986?]. 348 microfiche; 11 x 15 cm. [Houghton: Reading Room HRR 1 F; Widener: Microfiche RR 47]

  3. Learn about the repository

    An appointment is necessary to use any manuscript or archival collection at Andover-Harvard Library. See the Requesting Services page for more information.

    Other repositories at Harvard include:

    For information about the many archives and manuscripts at Harvard, also see the Harvard Library website.

    In general, manuscript materials are kept in closed stacks and may only be used in a designated reading room. You will probably be asked to leave all materials outside the reading room except pencils, note cards, paper, and/or a computer. Access to some collections may be restricted.

Beyond Harvard

  1. Archive Finder. [Provides information about primary source materials from over 5,000 manuscript repositories in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Ireland. It includes records, with indexes, for approximately 100,000 manuscript and other collections. It brings together information from the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC), the National Inventory of Documentary Sources (NIDS), and the National Inventory of Documentary Sources in the UK and Ireland. Many Harvard records will be found here.] Harvard Library E-Resource.

    ArchiveGrid. [This database contains nearly a million records (largely summary descriptions) of archives, manuscripts, and special collections. Contact information for repositories is also available.] Harvard Library E-Resource.

    Index to Personal Names in the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections, 1959-1984. Alexandria: Chadwyck-Healey, 1988. 2 v.; 29 cm. [This has been incorporated into ArchivesUSA, but sometimes it's easier to scan the printed version.] [Ref. Z6620.U5 N32 1988]

    Women's History Sources: A Guide to Archives and Manuscript Collections in the United States. Ames S. Bower and Andrea Hinding, editors. New York: Bowker, 1979. 2 v.; 29 cm. [v. 1. Collections (listed geographically).--v. 2. Index, edited by Suzanna Moody, is extremely useful.] [Ref. Z7964.U49 W64]

    A Guide to Women's Archival Collections in Repositories Related to the United Church of Christ. [New York, N.Y.: Coordinating Center for Women in Church and Society, United Church of Christ Archives and Historical Council], 1995. xi, 24 p.; 28 cm. [Ref. Z7963.R45 G85 1995]

  2. Five College Archives Digital Access Project. [Gateway to a large digital archive of historical resources found at Amherst, Hampshire, Mt. Holyoke, and Smith Colleges, as well as the University of Massachusetts. The site provides access to digitized information primarily relating to women's history and education.] Free E-Resource.

    Google Scholar. [Because Google Scholar searches the websites of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web, it is more likely to produce "scholarly" results. Free version does not include access to online journal articles.] Harvard Library E-Resource; free version available.